Bodrum - Halicarnassus
Bodrum, known in ancient times as Halicarnassus.
In ancient times, Bodrum was first under Persian rule, and later Greek. The city was conquered by Alexander the Great and destroyed. Later the Romans controlled Bodrum and they were followed by Selcuks and the Turks. In 1492 the city fell to the Knights of St. John, sovereigns of Rhodes (the Knights of Malta) who built the massive castle of St. Peter. The castle was constructed using stones from the Mausoleum and dominates the town. It was equipped with early powerful cannon, at the time a novel instrument of warfare.
Several museums now occupy the large rooms in the castle. In the Chapel of the Knights Hospitaller, for example, is the Museum of Underwater Archaeology, where relics from Greek, Roman and Phoenician ships found on the sea bed are displayed. There are a number of finds from the Mycenaean period in the French Tower and a collection of amphorae in the Serpent's Tower.
Bodrum is also the the site of King Mausolus's Tomb, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. And the city is a charming holiday destination with a wide variety of hotels, boarding house and rental houses.