Marmaris Travel Guide
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History of Marmaris

There is only a castle and a caravanserai to see in Marmaris.


Marmaris is originally a Greek word meaning "glittering and shining". There is no definite information about when Marmaris was founded. However, as Marmaris previously known as Physkos, was part of the Carian Empire in the 6th century. Another invasion by the Lydians in 334 BC led to Roman Empire ruled by Alexander the Great. Marmaris therefore became a place where different civilizations ruled over time, and there is architectural and historical evidence of Egyptian, Asdur, Ion, Dor, Persian, Macedonian, Syrian, Roman, Byzantium, Seljuk and Ottomans presence.

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Marmaris Castle

There are no ancient ruins in Marmaris, although it has been identified as the site of ancient Physcus. There is only a castle and a caravanserai to see.

The caravanserai, on the road leading to the castle, was built in stone by Suleyman the Magnificent in 1545. It was meant to be occupied by Ottoman knights.

The castle was built in 1522, also by the Sultan Suleyman, as a base from which he could attack the island of Rhodes, the stronghold of the Knights of St. John. The bastions afford a splendid view of the sea and of Marmaris.


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